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Indications and Usage for Toujeo® (insulin glargine injection) 300 Units/mL
Toujeo® is a long-acting human insulin analog indicated to improve glycemic control in adults with diabetes mellitus.
Limitations of Use: Toujeo® is not recommended for treating diabetic ketoacidosis.
Toujeo® is contraindicated during episodes of hypoglycemia and in patients hypersensitive to insulin glargine or any of its excipients.
Warnings and Precautions
Toujeo® contains the same active ingredient, insulin glargine, as Lantus®. The concentration of insulin glargine in Toujeo® is 300 Units per mL.
Insulin pens and needles must never be shared between patients. Do NOT reuse needles.
Monitor blood glucose in all patients treated with insulin. Modify insulin regimens cautiously and only under medical supervision. Changes in insulin strength, manufacturer, type, or method of administration may result in the need for a change in insulin dose or an adjustment in concomitant oral antidiabetic treatment. Changes in insulin regimen may result in hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia.
Unit for unit, patients started on, or changed to, Toujeo® required a higher dose than patients controlled with Lantus®. When changing from another basal insulin to Toujeo®, patients experienced higher average fasting plasma glucose levels in the first few weeks of therapy until titrated to their individualized fasting plasma glucose targets. Higher doses were required in titrate-to-target studies to achieve glucose control similar to Lantus®.
Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse reaction of insulin therapy, including Toujeo®, and may be life-threatening.
Medication errors, such as accidental mix-ups between basal insulin products and other insulins, particularly rapid-acting insulins, have been reported. Patients should be instructed to always verify the insulin label before each injection.
Do not dilute or mix Toujeo® with any other insulin or solution. If mixed or diluted, the solution may become cloudy, and the onset of action/time to peak effect may be altered in an unpredictable manner. Do not administer Toujeo® via an insulin pump or intravenously because severe hypoglycemia can occur.
Severe life-threatening, generalized allergy, including anaphylaxis, can occur. Discontinue Toujeo®, monitor and treat if indicated.
A reduction in the Toujeo® dose may be required in patients with renal or hepatic impairment.
As with all insulins, Toujeo® use can lead to life-threatening hypokalemia. Untreated hypokalemia may cause respiratory paralysis, ventricular arrhythmia, and death. Closely monitor potassium levels in patients at risk of hypokalemia and treat if indicated.
Fluid retention, which may lead to or exacerbate heart failure, can occur with concomitant use of thiazolidinediones (TZDs) with insulin. These patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of heart failure. If heart failure occurs, dosage reduction or discontinuation of TZD must be considered.
Certain drugs may affect glucose metabolism, requiring insulin dose adjustment and close monitoring of blood glucose. The signs of hypoglycemia may be reduced in patients taking anti-adrenergic drugs (e.g., beta-blockers, clonidine, guanethidine, and reserpine).
Adverse reactions commonly associated with Toujeo® include hypoglycemia, allergic reactions, injection site reactions, lipodystrophy, pruritus, rash, edema and weight gain.
Toujeo® SoloStar® and Toujeo® Max SoloStar® are disposable prefilled insulin pens. To help ensure an accurate dose each time, patients should follow all steps in the Instruction Leaflet accompanying the pen; otherwise they may not get the correct amount of insulin, which may affect their blood glucose levels. It is especially important to perform a safety test when a patient is using a new pen for the first time.
Do not withdraw Toujeo® from the SoloStar® and Max SoloStar® disposable prefilled pens with a syringe.
Click here for Full Prescribing Information for Toujeo®.
SOLIQUA 100/33 is a combination of a long-acting human insulin analog with a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist (RA) indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Limitations of Use:
- Has not been studied in patients with a history of pancreatitis. Consider other antidiabetic therapies in patients with a history of pancreatitis.
- Not recommended for use in combination with any other product containing a GLP-1 RA.
- Not for treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus or diabetic ketoacidosis.
- Not recommended for use in patients with gastroparesis.
- Has not been studied in combination with prandial insulin.
- During episodes of hypoglycemia.
- In patients with known hypersensitivity to the active substance(s) or to any of the product components.
Warnings and Precautions
- Anaphylaxis and Serious Hypersensitivity Reactions: In clinical trials of lixisenatide, there have been cases of anaphylaxis and other serious hypersensitivity reactions including angioedema. Severe, life-threatening, generalized allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis and angioedema, can occur with insulins, including insulin glargine. If hypersensitivity reactions occur, discontinue SOLIQUA 100/33. Use caution in patients with a history of anaphylaxis or angioedema with another GLP-1 RA because it is unknown whether such patients will be predisposed to anaphylaxis.
- Pancreatitis: Acute pancreatitis, including fatal and non-fatal hemorrhagic or necrotizing pancreatitis, has been observed in patients treated with GLP-1 RAs. Cases of pancreatitis were reported in clinical trials of lixisenatide. After initiation of SOLIQUA 100/33, observe patients for signs and symptoms of pancreatitis (e.g., persistent severe abdominal pain, sometimes radiating to the back and which may be accompanied by vomiting). If pancreatitis is suspected, SOLIQUA 100/33 should promptly be discontinued. If pancreatitis is confirmed, restarting SOLIQUA 100/33 is not recommended and other antidiabetic therapies should be considered.
- Never Share a SOLIQUA 100/33 SoloStar® Pen between Patients: Pen-sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens, even if the needle is changed.
- Hyperglycemia or Hypoglycemia with Changes in Insulin Regimen: Changes in SOLIQUA 100/33 regimen may affect glycemic control and predispose to hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. Changes should be made cautiously and the frequency of blood glucose monitoring should be increased. Adjustments in concomitant oral antidiabetic treatment may be needed.
- Medication Errors: SOLIQUA 100/33 contains two drugs. Do not administer more than 60 units of SOLIQUA 100/33, which may result in overdose of the lixisenatide component. Do not use other GLP-1 RAs. Accidental mix-ups between insulin products have been reported. Instruct patients to always check the label before administration. Do not withdraw SOLIQUA 100/33 from the pen with a syringe.
- Hypoglycemia: Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse reaction associated with insulin-containing therapy, which may be life-threatening. Increase frequency of glucose monitoring with changes to: insulin dosage, co-administered glucose lowering medications, meal pattern, physical activity, and in patients with renal or hepatic impairment and hypoglycemia unawareness.
- Acute Kidney Injury: There have been reports of acute renal failure and worsening of chronic failure, which may sometimes require hemodialysis in patients treated with GLP-1 RAs, such as lixisenatide. Some of these events were reported in patients without known underlying renal disease. Most reports occurred in patients who experienced nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or dehydration; advise patients to take precautions to avoid fluid depletion. Monitor blood glucose and renal function in patients with renal impairment. SOLIQUA 100/33 is not recommended in patients with end-stage renal disease.
- Immunogenicity: Patients may develop antibodies to insulin and lixisenatide. If there is worsening glycemic control or failure to achieve targeted glycemic control, significant injection site reactions or allergic reactions, then other antidiabetic therapy should be considered.
- Hypokalemia: All insulin containing products can cause hypokalemia, which may be life-threatening. Untreated hypokalemia may cause respiratory paralysis, ventricular arrhythmia, and death. Monitor potassium levels in patients at risk of hypokalemia and treat if indicated.
- Fluid Retention and Heart Failure with Concomitant Use of PPAR-gamma Agonists: Fluid retention, which may lead to or exacerbate heart failure, can occur with concomitant use of thiazolidinediones (TZDs) and insulin. These patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of heart failure. If heart failure occurs, dosage reduction or discontinuation of TZD must be considered.
- Macrovascular Outcomes: Clinical studies have not shown macrovascular risk reduction with SOLIQUA 100/33.
Most Common Adverse Reactions
The most common adverse reactions reported in ≥ 5% of patients treated with SOLIQUA 100/33 include hypoglycemia, nausea, nasopharyngitis, diarrhea, upper respiratory tract infection, and headache.
Click here for Full Prescribing Information for SOLIQUA 100/33.
- Certain drugs may affect glucose metabolism, requiring dose adjustment of SOLIQUA 100/33 and close monitoring of blood glucose.
- The signs of hypoglycemia may be reduced or absent in patients taking anti-adrenergic drugs (eg, beta-blockers, clonidine, guanethidine, and reserpine).
- The lixisenatide in SOLIQUA 100/33 delays gastric emptying, which may reduce the rate of absorption of orally administered medication with a narrow therapeutic ratio or that require careful clinical monitoring. If such medications are to be administered with food, do not co-administer with SOLIQUA 100/33.
- Antibiotics, acetaminophen, or other medications that are dependent on threshold concentrations for efficacy, or where a delay in effect is undesirable, should be administered at least 1 hour before SOLIQUA 100/33 injection.
- Oral contraceptives should be taken at least 1 hour before SOLIQUA 100/33 administration or 11 hours after.